The Farming Life
Surveying virgin country with a view to its development for farming, the settler must take careful note of all the natural features, such as the type of soil, its elevation, swamps, hills, undulations, flat areas, bush, manuka or scrub portions, and of course the climate. Then he is in a position to decide: (1) What class of farming to follow: (2) how best to handle the land in all circumstances.
The Manawaru Public School Jubilee 1950 Souvenir Booklet
The initial tasks for a farmer arriving in Manawaru, after the large estates had been broken up into farms ranging between 200 and 400 acres, was to build a house, dig drainage ditches and cut and burn scrub.